During the last decade, a growing number of publications implicate NF-kB2 in NSCLC pathogenesis. Here, we investigated the clinical relevance of NF-kB2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs7897947, rs11574852 and rs12769316 in NSCLC and their association with NF-kB2 protein and mRNA levels. Our data show that TT (rs7897947T >G) and AA (rs12769316G >A) genotypes were strongly associated with an increased risk for NSCLC (P = 0.019 and P = 0.003, respectively). Additionally, in multivariate analysis, TT (rs7897947T >G) homozygosity was associated with worse 2- and 3-year survival rates (P = 0.030 and P = 0.028, respectively), especially among patients with stages III/IV, who had worse 2, 3 and 5-year survival (P = 0.001, P = 0.022 and P = 0.035, respectively). In chemotherapy-treated patients, TT (rs12769316G >A) homozygosity was also associated with worse 2- and 3-year survival compared to G allele carriers (P = 0.006 and P = 0.014, respectively). Furthermore, rs12769316 was correlated with survival outcome of stage I and II patients (P = 0.031 and P = 0.006, respectively). Interestingly, amongst the patients who developed metastases, A allele carriers had better 5-year survival (P = 0.020). In addition, rs12769316 was associated with NF-kB2 protein (P = 0.001) and mRNA expression (P = 0.017) as well as with tumor maximum diameter (P = 0.025). Overall, this study suggests that rs7897947 and rs12769316 are involved in NSCLC susceptibility, in treatment response and in clinical outcome.
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