Regardless of enormous translational progress in stem cell clinical application, our knowledge about biological determinants of transplantation-related protection is still limited. In addition to adequate selection of the cell source well dedicated to a specific disease and optimal standardization of all other pre-transplant procedures, we have decided to focus more attention to the impact of culture time and environment itself on molecular properties and regenerative capacity of cell cultured in vitro. The aim of this investigation was to determine neuroprotection-linked cell phenotypic and functional changes that could spontaneously take place when freshly isolated Wharton’s jelly mesenchymal stem cell (WJ-MSC) undergo standard selection, growth, and spontaneous differentiation throughout passaging in vitro. For determining their neuroprotective potential, we used experimental model of human WJ-MSC co-culture with intact or oxygen-glucose-deprived (OGD) rat organotypic hippocampal culture (OHC). It has been shown that putative molecular mechanisms mediating regenerative interactions between WJ-MSC and OHC slices relies mainly on mesenchymal cell paracrine activity. Interestingly, it has been also found that the strongest protective effect is exerted by the co-culture with freshly isolated umbilical cord tissue fragments and by the first cohort of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) migrating out of these fragments (passage 0). Culturing of WJ-derived hMSC in well-controlled standard conditions under air atmosphere up to fourth passage caused unexpected decline of neuroprotective cell effectiveness toward OGD-OHC in the co-culture model. This further correlated with substantial changes in the WJ-MSC phenotype, profile of their paracrine activities as well as with the recipient tissue reaction evaluated by changes in the rat-specific neuroprotection-linked gene expression.
- Hippocampal organotypic slice culture
- Stem cells
- Stromal cells
- Wharton jelly
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience