Neuroendocrine and behavioral effects of high-dose anabolic steroid administration in male normal volunteers

R. C. Daly, T. P. Su, P. J. Schmidt, M. Pagliaro, D. Pickar, D. R. Rubinow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


Objective: Despite widespread abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS), the endocrine effects of supraphysiologic doses of these compounds remain unclear. We administered the AAS methyltestosterone (MT) to 20 normal volunteers in an in-patient setting, examined its effects on levels of pituitary-gonadal, -thyroid, and -adrenal hormones, and examined potential relationships between endocrine changes and MT-induced psychological symptoms. Method: Subjects received MT (three days of 40 mg/day, then three days of 240 mg/day) or placebo in a fixed sequence with neither subjects nor raters aware of order. Samples were obtained at the ends of the baseline, high-dose MT and withdrawal phases. Potential relationships between hormonal changes and visual analog scale measured mood changes were examined. Results: Significant decreases in plasma levels of gonadotropins, gonadal steroids, sex hormone binding globulin, free T3 and T4, and thyroid binding globulin (Bonferroni t, p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-331
Number of pages15
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Aggression
  • Anabolic steroids
  • Methyltestosterone
  • Mood
  • Thyroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • General Psychology


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