Neighborhoods and HIV: A social ecological approach to prevention and care

Carl A. Latkin, Danielle German, David Vlahov, Sandro Galea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


Neighborhood factors have been linked to HIV risk behaviors, HIV counseling and testing, and HIV medical care. However, the social-psychological mechanisms that connect neighborhood factors to HIV-related behaviors have not been fully determined. In this article we review the research on neighborhood factors and HIV-related behaviors, approaches to measuring neighborhoods, and mechanisms that may help to explain how the physical and social environment within neighborhoods may lead to HIVrelated behaviors. We then discuss organizational, geographic, and social network approaches to intervening in neighborhoods to reduce HIV transmission and facilitate HIV medical care with the goal of reducing morbidity and mortality and increasing social and psychological well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-224
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Psychologist
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2013


  • HIV
  • Injection drug users
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Neighborhoods
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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