Negative regulation of calcineurin signaling by Hrr25p, a yeast homolog of casein kinase I

Kimberly A. Kafadar, Heng Zhu, Michael Snyder, Martha S. Cyert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


Calcineurin is a Ca2+/calmodulin-regulated protein phosphatase required for Saccharomyces cerevisiae to respond to a variety of environmental stresses. Calcineurin promotes cell survival during stress by dephosphorylating and activating the Zn-finger transcription factor Crz1p/Tcn1p. Using a high-throughput assay, we screened 119 yeast kinases for their ability to phosphorylate Crz1p in vitro and identified the casein kinase I homolog Hrr25p. Here we show that Hrr25p negatively regulates Crz1p activity and nuclear localization in vivo. Hrr25p binds to and phosphorylates Crz1p in vitro and in vivo. Overexpression of Hrr25p decreases Crz1p-dependent transcription and antagonizes its Ca2+-induced nuclear accumulation. In the absence of Hrr25p, activation of Crz1p by Ca2+/calcineurin is potentiated. These findings represent the first identification of a negative regulator for Crz1p, and establish a novel physiological role for Hrr25p in antagonizing calcineurin signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2698-2708
Number of pages11
JournalGenes and Development
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Calcineurin
  • Calcium
  • Casein kinase I
  • Nuclear localization
  • Signal transduction
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology


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