Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), in comparison with cytology brush and forceps biopsy, in the diagnosis of a pulmonary mass or coin lesions has been studied by Shure and Wang in the past. Both studies concluded that TBNA markedly increased the diagnostic yield. A new instrument, a 'needle brush' (Mill Rose Lab), has been developed and compared with the following three instruments: a regular cytology brush was used first, followed by needle brush, TBNA, and forceps biopsy under fluoroscopy. Twenty-four patients were studied. A specific diagnosis was made in 16 patients (15 malignancies; one granuloma); in three patients, results were suspicious for malignancy, three patients had negative results, and in two patients the study was not complete. 'Needle brush' biopsy was positive in 11 patients (exclusively in four); TBNA was positive in eight (exclusively in two). Regular brush biopsy was positive in seven (exclusively in none). Forceps biopsy was positive in four (exclusively in one; granuloma). We conclude that the needle brush and TBNA have a higher diagnostic yield in malignant lung masses or nodules. The use of regular brush and forceps biopsy did not increase the diagnostic yield in malignancy. Forceps biopsy might be more useful in benign diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine