Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions: Empirically Validated Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorder

Laura Schreibman, Geraldine Dawson, Aubyn C. Stahmer, Rebecca Landa, Sally J. Rogers, Gail G. McGee, Connie Kasari, Brooke Ingersoll, Ann P. Kaiser, Yvonne Bruinsma, Erin McNerney, Amy Wetherby, Alycia Halladay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

379 Scopus citations


Earlier autism diagnosis, the importance of early intervention, and development of specific interventions for young children have contributed to the emergence of similar, empirically supported, autism interventions that represent the merging of applied behavioral and developmental sciences. “Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions (NDBI)” are implemented in natural settings, involve shared control between child and therapist, utilize natural contingencies, and use a variety of behavioral strategies to teach developmentally appropriate and prerequisite skills. We describe the development of NDBIs, their theoretical bases, empirical support, requisite characteristics, common features, and suggest future research needs. We wish to bring parsimony to a field that includes interventions with different names but common features thus improving understanding and choice-making among families, service providers and referring agencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2411-2428
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 27 2015


  • Behavioral
  • Developmental
  • Early intervention
  • Naturalistic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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