Narcotics addiction treatment: Behavioral methods concurrent with methadone maintenance

George Bigelow, Maxine Stitzer, Charles Lawrence, Norman Krasnegor, Burton D'Lugoff, James Hawthorne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Methadone maintenance patients were assigned among four treatment cells involving contingency management, emotionally-based behavior therapy, a combination of these, or a control condition receiving counseling but no behavioral treatment. With 60 patients who remained in treatment at least 6 months, treatment outcomes were compared using objective measures: hours employed, urinalysis results, and counseling participation. No significant differences were found between modalities. Case studies suggested that under appropriate conditions, contingency management might reduce illicit drug use. It is suggested that focused experimental studies may be more productive than broad clinical outcome evaluations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-437
Number of pages11
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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