Nanotoxicity of iron oxide nanoparticle internalization in growing neurons

Thomas R. Pisanic, Jennifer D. Blackwell, Veronica I. Shubayev, Rita R. Fiñones, Sungho Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have shown great promise for use as tools in a wide variety of biomedical applications, some of which require the delivery of large numbers of MNPs onto or into the cells of interest. Here we develop a quantifiable model cell system and show that intracellular delivery of even moderate levels of iron oxide (Fe2O3) nanoparticles may adversely affect cell function. More specifically, we show that exposure to increasing concentrations of anionic MNPs, from 0.15 to 15 mm of iron, results in a dose-dependent diminishing viability and capacity of PC12 cells to extend neurites in response to their putative biological cue, i.e. nerve growth factor. The cytotoxicity results of biomaterials in our model system imply that more study into the acute and long-term effects of cellular Fe2O3 internalization is both warranted and necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2572-2581
Number of pages10
JournalBiomaterials
Volume28
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biocompatibility
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Magnetism
  • Nanoparticle
  • Neural cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Bioengineering
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials

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