N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate detection in the human brain at 7 tesla by echo time optimization and improved wiener filtering

Li An, Shizhe Li, Emily T. Wood, Daniel S. Reich, Jun Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Purpose: To report enhanced signal detection for measuring N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate (NAAG) in the human brain at 7 Tesla by echo time (TE)-optimized point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) and improved Wiener filtering. Methods: Using a highly efficient in-house developed numerical simulation program, a PRESS sequence with (TE1, TE2)=(26, 72) ms was found to maximize the NAAG signals relative to the overlapping Glu signals. A new Wiener filtering water reference deconvolution method was developed to reduce broadening and distortions of metabolite peaks caused by B0 inhomogeneity and eddy currents. Results: Monte Carlo simulation results demonstrated that the new Wiener filtering method offered higher spectral resolution, reduced spectral artifacts, and higher accuracy in NAAG quantification compared with the original Wiener filtering method. In vivo spectra and point spread functions of signal distortion confirmed that the new Wiener filtering method lead to improved spectral resolution and reduced spectral artifacts. Conclusion: TE-optimized PRESS in combination with a new Wiener filtering method made it possible to fully use both the NAAG singlet signal at 2.05 ppm and the NAAG multiplet signal at 2.18 ppm in the quantification of NAAG. A more accurate characterization of lineshape distortion for Wiener filtering needs B0 field maps and segmented anatomical images to exclude contribution from cerebral spinal fluid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)903-912
Number of pages10
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2014


  • GAMMA simulation
  • NAAG
  • TE optimization
  • Wiener filter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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