Müllerian Inhibiting Substance Regulates NFκB Signaling and Growth of Mammary Epithelial Cells in Vivo

Dorry L. Segev, Yasunori Hoshiya, Antonia E. Stephen, Makiko Hoshiya, Trinh T. Tran, David T. MacLaughlin, Patricia K. Donahoe, Shyamala Maheswaran

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57 Scopus citations


Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS) inhibits breast cancer cell growth in vitro through interference with cell cycle progression and induction of apoptosis, a process associated with NFκB activation and up-regulation of one of its important target genes, IEX-1S (Segev, D. L., Ha, T., Tran, T. T., Kenneally, M., Harkin, P., Jung, M., MacLaughlin, D. T., Donahoe, P. K., and Maheswaran, S. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 28371-28379). Here we demonstrate that MIS activates the NFκB signaling cascade, induces IEX-1S mRNA, and inhibits the growth of MCF10A, an immortalized human breast epithelial cell line with characteristics of normal cells. In vivo, an inverse correlation was found to exist between various stages of mammary growth and MIS type II receptor expression. Receptor mRNA significantly diminished during puberty, when the ductal system branches and invades the adipose stroma and during the expansive growth at lactation, but it was up-regulated during involution, a time of regression and apoptosis. Peripartum variations in MIS type II receptor expression correlated with NFκB activation and IEX-1S mRNA expression. Administration of MIS to female mice induced NFκB DNA binding and IEX-1S mRNA expression in the breast. Furthermore, exposure to MIS in vivo increased apoptosis in the mouse mammary ductal epithelium. Thus, MIS may function as an endogenous hormonal regulator of NFκB signaling and growth in the breast.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26799-26806
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number29
StatePublished - Jul 20 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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