Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), a myelodysplastic/ myeloproliferative neoplasm, is characterized by monocytic proliferation, dysplasia, and progression to acute myeloid leukemia. CMML has been associated with somatic mutations in diverse recently identified genes. We analyzed 72 well-characterized patients with CMML (N ∇ 52) and CMML-derived acute myeloid leukemia (N ∇ 20) for recurrent chromosomal abnormalities with the use of routine cytogenetics and single nucleotide polymorphism arrays along with comprehensive mutational screening. Cytogenetic aberrations were present in 46% of cases, whereas single nucleotide polymorphism array increased the diagnostic yield to 60%. At least 1 mutation was found in 86% of all cases; novel UTX, DNMT3A, and EZH2 mutations were found in 8%, 10%, and 5.5% of patients, respectively. TET2 mutations were present in 49%, ASXL1 in 43%, CBL in 14%, IDH1/2 in 4%, KRAS in 7%, NRAS in 4%, and JAK2 V617F in 1% of patients. Various mutant genotype combinations were observed, indicating molecular heterogeneity in CMML. Our results suggest that molecular defects affecting distinct pathways can lead to similar clinical phenotypes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology