Mutation in codon 200 and polymorphism in codon 129 of the prion protein gene in Libyan Jews with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

R. Gabizon, H. Rosenman, Z. Meiner, I. Kahana, E. Kahana, Y. Shugart, J. Ott, S. B. Prusiner

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18 Scopus citations


Various mutations in the prion protein (PrP) gene are associated with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), a transmissible fatal neurodegenerative disorder. Among Libyan Jews, CJD is a familial disease with an incidence about 100 times higher than the worldwide population. CJD in this community segregates with a point mutation at codon 200 of the PrP gene which causes the substitution of lysine for glutamate. This mutation was found in all definitely affected individuals and yields a maximum lod score of 4.85. Some healthy elderly mutation carries above 65 years of age were identified, suggesting partial penetrance. Homozygous patients have the same disease pattern and age of onset as heterozygous patients, which argues that CJD associated with the codon 200 lysine mutation is a true dominant disorder. In the caucasian population, Palmer et al. (1991) reported an association between homozygosity in a polymorphic site at codon 129 of the PrP gene, coding for either valine or methionine, with a tendency to acquire the sporadic or iatrogenic forms of CJD, as well as with disease age of appearance in the genetic type. The incidence of the polymorphism at codon 129 in the control Libyan population is similar to the one found in the caucasian population. In the Libyan CJD patients, the codon 200 mutation is within a Met129-encoding allele. The incidence of the Met allele is significantly higher in the affected pedigrees than in the control Libyan population; however, no difference was detected between CJD patients, codon 200 healthy carriers, and their normal family members.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-390
Number of pages6
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Issue number1306
StatePublished - Mar 29 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)


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