Blood-Injury-Injection Phobia (BIIP) is a subtype of specific phobia, characterized by fear and avoidance of seeing blood, an injury, or receiving an injection. In the current case report, we describe the treatment of BIIP in a young man with mental retardation. The multicomponent treatment consisted of fading (graduated exposure), modeling, noncontingent and differential reinforcement, presession anxiolytic medication, and topical analgesic cream.
- Blood-injury-injection phobia
- Developmental disabilities
- Graduated exposure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology