Multi-subject fMRI analysis via combined independent component analysis and shift-invariant canonical polyadic decomposition

Li Dan Kuang, Qiu Hua Lin, Xiao Feng Gong, Fengyu Cong, Jing Sui, Vince D. Calhoun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: Canonical polyadic decomposition (CPD) may face a local optimal problem when analyzing multi-subject fMRI data with inter-subject variability. Beckmann and Smith proposed a tensor PICA approach that incorporated an independence constraint to the spatial modality by combining CPD with ICA, and alleviated the problem of inter-subject spatial map (SM) variability. New method: This study extends tensor PICA to incorporate additional inter-subject time course (TC) variability and to connect CPD and ICA in a new way. Assuming multiple subjects share common TCs but with different time delays, we accommodate subject-dependent TC delays into the CP model based on the idea of shift-invariant CP (SCP). We use ICA as an initialization step to provide the aggregating mixing matrix for shift-invariant CPD to estimate shared TCs with subject-dependent delays and intensities. We then estimate shared SMs using a least-squares fit post shift-invariant CPD. Results: Using simulated fMRI data as well as actual fMRI data we demonstrate that the proposed approach improves the estimates of the shared SMs and TCs, and the subject-dependent TC delays and intensities. The default mode component illustrates larger TC delays than the task-related component. Comparison with existing method(s): The proposed approach shows improvements over tensor PICA in particular when TC delays are large, and also outperforms SCP with SM orthogonality constraint and SCP with ICA-based SM initialization. Conclusions: TCs with subject-dependent delays conform to the true situation of multi-subject fMRI data. The proposed approach is suitable for decomposing multi-subject fMRI data with large inter-subject temporal and spatial variability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-140
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
StatePublished - Dec 30 2015


  • Canonical polyadic decomposition (CPD)
  • Independent component analysis (ICA)
  • Inter-subject variability
  • Multi-subject fMRI data
  • Shift-invariant CP (SCP)
  • Tensor PICA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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