Objectives: To test whether a 4-fold accelerated 3D T2-weighted (T2) CAIPIRINHA SPACE TSE sequence with isotropic voxel size is equivalent to conventional 2DT2 TSE for the evaluation of intrinsic and perilesional soft tissue tumors (STT) characteristics. Methods: For 108 patients with histologically-proven STTs, MRI, including 3DT2 (CAIPIRINHA SPACE TSE) and 2DT2 (TSE) sequences, was performed. Two radiologists evaluated each sequence for quality (diagnostic, non-diagnostic), tumor characteristics (heterogeneity, signal intensity, margin), and the presence or absence of cortical involvement, marrow edema, and perilesional edema (PLE); tumor size and PLE extent were measured. Signal-to-noise (SNR) and contrast-to-noise (CNR) ratios and acquisition times for 2DT2 in two planes and 3DT2 sequences were reported. Descriptive statistics and inter-method agreement were reported. Results: Image quality was diagnostic for all sequences (100% [108/108]). No difference was observed between 3DT2 and 2DT2 tumor characteristics (p < 0.05). There was no difference in mean tumor size (3DT2: 2.9 ± 2.5 cm, 2DT2: 2.8 ± 2.6 cm, p = 0.4) or PLE extent (3DT2:0.5 ± 1.2 cm, 2DT2:0.5 ± 1.0 cm, p = 0.9) between the sequences. There was no difference in the SNR of tumors, marrow, and fat between the sequences, whereas the SNR of muscle was higher (p < 0.05) on 3DT2 than 2DT2. CNR measures on 3DT2 were similar to 2DT2 (p > 0.1). The average acquisition time was shorter for 3DT2 compared with 2DT2 (343 ± 127 s vs 475 ± 162 s, respectively). Conclusion: Isotropic 3DT2 MRI offers higher spatial resolution, faster acquisition times, and equivalent assessments of STT characteristics compared to conventional 2DT2 MRI in two planes. 3DT2 is interchangeable with a 2DT2 sequence in tumor protocols. Key Points: • Isotropic 3DT2 CAIPIRINHA SPACE TSE offers higher spatial resolution than 2DT2 TSE and is equivalent to 2DT2 TSE for assessments of soft tissue tumor intrinsic and perilesional characteristics. • Multiplanar reformats of 3DT2 CAIPIRINHA SPACE TSE can substitute for 2DT2 TSE acquired in multiple planes, thereby reducing the acquisition time of MRI tumor protocols. • 3DT2 CAIPIRINHA SPACE TSE and 2DT2 TSE had similar CNR of tissues.
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Soft tissue tumors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging