Mothers of children with developmental disabilities: Stress in early and middle childhood

Gazi Azad, Jan Blacher, George A. Marcoulides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Using a sample of 219 families of children with (n= 94) and without (n= 125) developmental disabilities, this study examined the longitudinal perspectives of maternal stress in early (ages 3-5) and middle childhood (ages 6-13) and its relationship to mothers' and children's characteristics. Multivariate latent curve models indicated that maternal stress remained high and stable with minimal individual variation in early childhood, but declined with significant individual variation in middle childhood. Maternal stress at the beginning of middle childhood was associated with earlier maternal stress, as well as children's behavioral problems and social skills. The trajectory of maternal stress across middle childhood was related to children's behavioral problems. Implications for interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3449-3459
Number of pages11
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Developmental disabilities
  • Intellectual disabilities
  • Maternal stress
  • Parenting stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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