Antivascular therapy is a promising approach to the treatment of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), where an imaging modality capable of longitudinally monitoring treatment response could provide early prediction of the outcome. In this study, we sought to investigate the feasibility of using intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion MRI to quantitatively assess the efficacy of the treatments of a vascular-disrupting agent CA4P or its combination with bevacizumab on experimental NSCLC tumors. CA4P caused a strong but reversible effect on tumor vasculature; all perfusion-related parameters—D*, f, fD*, and Ktrans—initially showed a decrease of 30% to 60% at 2 hours and then fully recovered to baseline on day 2 for CA4P treatment or on days 4 to 8 for CA4P + bevacizumab treatment; the diffusion coefficient in tumors decreased initially at 2 hours and then increased from day 2 to day 8. We observed a good correlation between IVIM parameters and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI; Ktrans). We also found that the relative change in f and fD* at 2 hours correlated well with changes in tumor volume on day 8. In conclusion, our results suggest that IVIM is a promising alternative to DCE-MRI for the assessment of the change in tumor perfusion as a result of antivascular agents and can be used to predict the efficacy of antivascular therapies without the need for contrast media injection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research