Molteno Implant for Control of Glaucoma in Eyes after Penetrating Keratoplasty

Peter J. McDonnell, Jeffrey B. Robin, David J. Schanzlin, Donald Minckler, George Baerveldt, Ronald E. Smith, Dale Heuer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Scopus citations


Seventeen patients (17 eyes) underwent implantation of a single plate Molteno implant for medically uncontrollable intraocular pressures after penetrating keratoplasty. Most of the eyes had extensive peripheral anterior synechiae, and 16 of 17 (94%) were pseudophakic or aphakic following keratoplasty. Other glaucoma procedures had been performed previously on 13 eyes: argon laser trabeculoplasty (one eye), trabeculectomy (seven eyes), transpupillary argon laser cyclophotocoagulation (three eyes), and cyclocryotherapy (three eyes). Follow-up ranged from 5 to 28 months (mean, 13 months). Three eyes underwent repeat Molteno implantation when intraocular pressure (IOP) was not satisfactorily reduced after the first procedure. Considering one eye with chronic hypotony as a failure, l2 of 17 eyes (71 %)had IOPs of less than 21 mmHg at the time of the three most recent postoperative examinations after a single Molteno implant. Repeat implants in three eyes increased the number of eyes with IOPs of less than 21 mmHg to 14 (82%). Corneal allograft rejection after Molteno implantation occurred in seven eyes; two of these were successfully reversed with corticosteroid therapy. Three of the five eyes with irreversible graft rejection were regrafted, and two of these grafts have remained clear. Including the regrafted eyes, 13 eyes had clear grafts and controlled IOPs at the most recent postoperative examination. The Molteno implant may prove useful in the management of medically uncontrollable glaucoma following penetrating keratoplasty; however, there appears to be a substantial risk of postoperative graft rejection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-369
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes


  • Molteno implant
  • allograft reaction
  • glaucoma
  • keratoplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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