Molecular and cellular effects of multi-targeted cyclin-dependent kinase inhibition in myeloma: Biological and clinical implications

Douglas W. McMillin, Jake Delmore, Joseph Negri, Leutz Buon, Hannah M. Jacobs, Jacob Laubach, Jana Jakubikova, Melissa Ooi, Patrick Hayden, Robert Schlossman, Nikhil C. Munshi, Christoph Lengauer, Paul G. Richardson, Kenneth C. Anderson, Constantine S. Mitsiades

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Cell cycle regulators, such as cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), are appealing targets for multiple myeloma (MM) therapy given the increased proliferative rates of tumour cells in advanced versus early stages of MM. We hypothesized that a multi-targeted CDK inhibitor with a different spectrum of activity compared to existing CDK inhibitors could trigger distinct molecular sequelae with therapeutic implications for MM. We therefore studied the small molecule heterocyclic compound NVP-LCQ195/AT9311 (LCQ195), which inhibits CDK1, CDK2 and CDK5, as well as CDK3 and CDK9. LCQ195 induced cell cycle arrest and eventual apoptotic cell death of MM cells, even at sub-μmol/l concentrations, spared non-malignant cells, and overcame the protection conferred to MM cells by stroma or cytokines of the bone marrow milieu. In MM cells, LCQ195 triggered decreased amplitude of transcriptional signatures associated with oncogenesis, drug resistance and stem cell renewal, including signatures of activation of key transcription factors for MM cells e.g. myc, HIF-1α, IRF4. Bortezomib-treated MM patients whose tumours had high baseline expression of genes suppressed by LCQ195 had significantly shorter progression-free and overall survival than those with low levels of these transcripts in their MM cells. These observations provide insight into the biological relevance of multi-targeted CDK inhibition in MM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-432
Number of pages13
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer
  • Cyclin-dependent kinases
  • Kinase inhibitor
  • Microenvironment
  • Myeloma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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