Modulation of MDR‐1 expression by a H‐ras oncogene in a human colon carcinoma cell line

Robert Kramer, Robert Arceci, Thomas K. Weber, Barry Morse, Heather Simpson, Glenn D. Steele, Ian C. Summerhayes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


In an established colon differentiation model, introduction of a c‐H‐ras‐1 oncogene into a poorly differentiated human colon carcinoma cell line (Clone A) results in changes associated with the acquisition of a more differentiated phenotype. Down‐regulation of mdr‐l mRNA was shown to accompany ras‐related differentiation events resulting in decreased Pgp synthesis and a significant reduction in membrane Pgp as detected by immunoprecipitation, Western‐blot and FACS analysis. Consistent with these observations was a reduction in Pgp‐mediated drug resistance associated with Clone‐A ras transfectants, with no alteration in drug sensitivity being observed with non‐MDR drugs in these cells. An alternative differentiation model involves exposure of Clone‐A cells to sodium butyrate. Under these conditions, differentiation‐related changes resulted in up‐regulation of mdr‐1 mRNA and Pgp synthesis, although no alteration in drug sensitivity was recorded. In agreement with this observation, the levels of membrane‐associated Pgp remained unchanged throughout the period of exposure to sodium butyrate. This study shows that modulation of Pgp expression in colon differentiation is dependent upon the differentiation induction agent used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-281
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 8 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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