Modified technique improves efficacy for in-office posterior nasal nerve ablation

Daniel Gorelik, Aatin K. Dhanda, Alexander Choi, Masayoshi Takashima, Najm S. Khan, Nicholas R. Rowan, Aria Jafari, Tariq Syed, Omar Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Posterior nasal nerve (PNN) ablation is a minimally invasive treatment option for patients with chronic rhinitis. Recent evidence shows that parasympathetic innervation of the nasal cavity is more extensive and there are many fibers posterior to the lateral attachment of the middle turbinate. We describe a modified ablative technique that targets the extensive innervation of the posterior nasal nerves. Methods: Description of the technique and retrospective cohort analysis. In addition to the traditional radiofrequency and cryoablation targets, three additional treatment sites posterior to the middle turbinate were targeted using radiofrequency ablation, as well as one focused treatment posteroinferior to the middle turbinate attachment using cryotherapy ablation. The primary outcome collected was a 30% improvement in overall rhinitis symptoms. Results: Forty-five patients received treatment and completed 3-month follow-up using the modified technique for radiofrequency and cryotherapy PNN ablation. Previously, our institution documented a 64.5% responder rate at 3 months. After introducing the modified technique, the response rate at 3 months significantly improved (64.5% vs. 91.1%, p =.004). Conclusions: This report suggests improved efficacy with implementation of the modified technique for in-office PNN ablation. Given the extensive nature of the post-ganglionic parasympathetic fibers of the nasal cavity which often emerge posterior to the middle turbinate attachment, a modified technique to target these branches should be considered. Prospective randomized studies comparing this modified technique to the traditional technique are needed. Level of Evidence: III.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1238
JournalLaryngoscope investigative otolaryngology
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • chronic rhinitis
  • cryotherapy
  • middle turbinate anatomy
  • posterior nasal nerve ablation
  • radiofrequency therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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