Modelling of the ischemic penumbra

Oliver Kcmpski, T. Seiwert, H. Otsuka, A. Heimann, H. Nakase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


What happens to the ischemic penumbra - defined as a territory of critically reduced blood flow in the close neighborhood of an ischemic core - determines outcome after stroke. Currently the pathophysiology of the penumbra is studied predominantly in rat models with occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. Here we propose two other rat models with distinct advantages. One produces a large territory of critical flow reduction in the cortex of one hemisphere without presence of an infarct core: this model is suited to study mediator mechanisms that may transform the penumbra into necrotic tissue. It is produced by occluding one carotid artery and in addition reducing arterial pressure to 50mm Hg using the hypobaric hypotension technique. Cortical flow is assessed by laser Doppler scanning. The second mode involves the photochemical occlusion of two adjacent cortical veins and goes along with a rather widespread reduction of cortical flow and the development of small infarcts of 2 5mm3 infarct volume. Like the first model it is suited to administer mediators causing the infarct to grow in size, and thereby to evaluate the pathophysiologic significance of individual mediator mechanisms. In addition the model can be used to study specific therapeutic approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-44
Number of pages4
JournalActa Neurochirurgica, Supplement
Issue numberSUPPL. 73
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Model
  • Penumbra
  • Rat
  • Vein occlusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Modelling of the ischemic penumbra'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this