Detailed understanding of the structure and function relationship of RNA requires knowledge about RNA three-dimensional (3D) topological folding. However, there are very few unique RNA entries in structure databases. This is due to challenges in determining 3D structures of RNA using conventional methods, such as X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy, despite significant advances in both of these technologies. Computational methods have come a long way in accurately predicting the 3D structures of small (<50 nt) RNAs to within a few angstroms compared to their native folds. However, lack of an apparent correlation between an RNA primary sequence and its 3D fold ultimately limits the success of purely computational approaches. In this context, small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) serves as a valuable tool by providing global shape information of RNA. In this article, we review the progress in determining RNA 3D topological structures, including a new method that combines secondary structural information and SAXS data to sample conformations generated through hierarchical moves of commonly observed RNA motifs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2016|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)