Mixed methods research in mental health nursing

A. M. Kettles, J. W. Creswell, W. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Mixed methods research is becoming more widely used in order to answer research questions and to investigate research problems in mental health and psychiatric nursing. However, two separate literature searches, one in Scotland and one in the USA, revealed that few mental health nursing studies identified mixed methods research in their titles. Many studies used the term 'embedded' but few studies identified in the literature were mixed methods embedded studies. The history, philosophical underpinnings, definition, types of mixed methods research and associated pragmatism are discussed, as well as the need for mixed methods research. Examples of mental health nursing mixed methods research are used to illustrate the different types of mixed methods: convergent parallel, embedded, explanatory and exploratory in their sequential and concurrent combinations. Implementing mixed methods research is also discussed briefly and the problem of identifying mixed methods research in mental and psychiatric nursing are discussed with some possible solutions to the problem proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)535-542
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Complex problems
  • Mental health nursing
  • Mixed methods research
  • Psychiatric nursing
  • Purpose statement
  • Research design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health


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