Methods for Developing Patient-Reported Outcome-Based Performance Measures (PRO-PMs)

Ethan Basch, John Spertus, R. Adams Dudley, Albert Wu, Cynthia Chuahan, Perry Cohen, Mary Lou Smith, Nick Black, Amaris Crawford, Keri Christensen, Kathleen Blake, Christine Goertz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Abstract Objective To recommend methods for assessing quality of care via patient-reported outcome-based performance measures (PRO-PMs) of symptoms, functional status, and quality of life. Methods A Technical Expert Panel was assembled by the American Medical Association-convened Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement. An environmental scan and structured literature review were conducted to identify quality programs that integrate PRO-PMs. Key methodological considerations in the design, implementation, and analysis of these PRO-PM data were systematically identified. Recommended methods for addressing each identified consideration were developed on the basis of published patient-reported outcome (PRO) standards and refined through public comment. Literature review focused on programs using PROs to assess performance and on PRO guidance documents. Results Thirteen PRO programs and 10 guidance documents were identified. Nine best practices were developed, including the following: provide a rationale for measuring the outcome and for using a PRO-PM; describe the context of use; select a measure that is meaningful to patients with adequate psychometric properties; provide evidence of the measure's sensitivity to differences in care; address missing data and risk adjustment; and provide a framework for implementation, interpretation, dissemination, and continuous refinement. Conclusion Methods for integrating PROs into performance measurement are available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1160
Pages (from-to)493-504
Number of pages12
JournalValue in Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015


  • PRO-PM
  • patient-reported outcome
  • performance measurement
  • quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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