Intraperitoneal administration of the melanocortin agonist melanotan II (MTII) to mice causes a profound, transient hypometabolism/hypothermia. It is preserved in mice lacking any one of melanocortin receptors 1, 3, 4, or 5, suggesting a mechanism independent of the canonical melanocortin receptors. Here we show that MTII-induced hypothermia was abolished in KitW-sh/W-sh mice, which lack mast cells, demonstrating that mast cells are required. MRGPRB2 is a receptor that detects many cationic molecules and activates mast cells in an antigen-independent manner. In vitro, MTII stimulated mast cells by both MRGPRB2-dependent and-independent mechanisms, and MTII-induced hypothermia was intact in MRGPRB2-null mice. Confirming that MTII activated mast cells, MTII treatment increased plasma histamine levels in both wild-type and MRGPRB2-null, but not in KitW-sh/W-sh, mice. The released histamine produced hypothermia via histamine H1 receptors because either a selective antagonist, pyrilamine, or ablation of H1 receptors greatly diminished the hypothermia. Other drugs, including compound 48/80, a commonly used mast cell activator, also produced hypothermia by both mast cell-dependent and-independent mechanisms. These results suggest that mast cell activation should be considered when investigating the mechanism of drug-induced hypothermia in mice.
|American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
|Published - Sep 2018
- Mast cell activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)