Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid (AT/RT) tumors are the most common malignant brain tumor of infancy and have a poor prognosis. We have previously identified very high expression of LIN28A and/or LIN28B in AT/RT tumors and showed that AT/RT have corresponding increased expression of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway. Binimetinib is a novel inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP2K1 or MEK), and is currently in pediatric phase II clinical trials for low-grade glioma. We hypothesized that binimetinib would inhibit growth of AT/RT cells by suppressing the MAP kinase pathway. Binimetinib inhibited AT/RT growth at nanomolar concentrations. Binimetinib decreased cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in AT/RT cells and significantly reduced AT/RT tumor growth in flank xenografts. Our data suggest that MAP kinase pathway inhibition could offer a potential avenue for treating these highly aggressive tumors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2020|
- Malignant rhabdoid tumor
- Pediatric brain tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas