Medical management updates for gender minority youth and difficult cases

Elyse Pine-Twaddell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Medical care for transgender adolescents extends beyond understanding which hormones to prescribe. There are complex questions regarding the etiology of gender identity, the long-term effects of puberty blockers and gender-affirming hormone therapy, and which fertility options will be available after various treatments for gender dysphoria. This article will address recent research and data on these complex questions, as well as difficult clinical cases that highlight the challenges medical professionals face in providing quality and contemporary care for transgender youth and their families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-110
Number of pages14
JournalAdolescent medicine: state of the art reviews
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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