Mechanoreceptors in human ankle ligaments

J. D. Michelson, C. Hutchins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations


Chronic ankle instability after ligamentous injuries has been attributed to loss of proprioception, but there has been no previous study of the mechanoreceptors in human ligaments at this joint. We have examined the ligaments from five cadaver ankles for mechanoreceptors and classified them into the four types described by Wyke and Freeman in their study of feline ligaments. Type-II receptors, thought to provide the sensation of the beginning of joint motion, and type-III receptors, thought to be activated at the extremes of movement, were the most common. Our findings provide some neuroanatomical data to validate further research into the use of proprioceptive training after ligamentous injuries about the ankle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-224
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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