Mechanisms and results of transmyocardial laser revascularization

Keith A. Horvath

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) is a technique that has been performed on over 10,000 patients around the world. Most of the patients were not suffering from heart failure. TMR is principally used for the treatment of angina, but in patients with significant reversible ischemia that is not amenable to conventional therapy, TMR may also improve myocardial function. The results of using TMR as a treatment for angina show a dramatic improvement in symptoms and quality of life. This paper reviews the current status of TMR techniques, mechanisms and results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-47
Number of pages11
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Mar 24 2004


  • Angina
  • Reversible ischemia
  • Transmyocardial laser revascularization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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