Measuring local RF heating in MRI: Simulating perfusion in a perfusionless phantom

Imran B. Akca, Onur Ferhanoglu, Christopher J. Yeung, Sevin Guney, T. Onur Tasci, Ergin Atalar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Purpose: To overcome conflicting methods of local RF heating measurements by proposing a simple technique for predicting in vivo temperature rise by using a gel phantom experiment. Materials and Methods: In vivo temperature measurements are difficult to conduct reproducibly; fluid phantoms introduce convection, and gel phantom lacks perfusion. In the proposed method the local temperature rise is measured in a gel phantom at a timepoint that the phantom temperature would be equal to the perfused body steady-state temperature value. The idea comes from the fact that the steady-state temperature rise in a perfused body is smaller than the steady-state temperature increase in a perfusionless phantom. Therefore, when measuring the temperature on a phantom there will be the timepoint that corresponds to the perfusion time constant of the body part. Results: The proposed method was tested with several phantom and in vivo experiments. Instead, an overall average of 30.8% error can be given as the amount of underestimation with the proposed method. This error is within the variability of in vivo experiments (45%). Conclusion: With the aid of this reliable temperature rise prediction the amount of power delivered by the scanner can be controlled, enabling safe MRI examinations of patients with implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1228-1235
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2007


  • Bioheat equation
  • Interventional MRI
  • Metallic implants
  • MRI safety
  • Perfusion
  • RF heating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology


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