May measurement month 2018: An analysis of blood pressure screening results from Nepal

Tara Ballav Adhikari, Harikrishna Bhattarai, Kamal Ranabhat, Pratik Khanal, Shiva Raj Mishra, Sweta Koirala, Sadhna Pandey, Surya Devkota, Milan Gairhe, Bimala Dhamala, Pabitra Babu Soti, Sandip Paudel, Gunaraj Lohani, Bhagawan Koirala, Thomas Beaney, Anca Chis Ster, Neil R. Poulter, Dinesh Neupane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Raised blood pressure (BP) is a leading risk factor for mortality globally and in Nepal. May Measurement Month (MMM) is a global initiative aimed at screening for hypertension and raising awareness on high BP worldwide. This study provides the results of the 2018 MMM (MMM18) in Nepal. An opportunistic cross-sectional survey of volunteers aged ≥18 years was carried out in May 2018 nationwide. The standard MMM protocol was followed for BP measurement, the definition of hypertension, and statistical analysis. The campaign was publicized through various social media for recruiting volunteers and inviting participation. A total of 15 561 (58.7% male) from 35 districts of Nepal were screened in MMM18, of which 4 321 (27.8%) had hypertension. A total of 2 633 (19.0%) of 13 873 individuals who were not on antihypertensive treatment were found to be hypertensive. Of those on medication, 799 (47.4%) had uncontrolled BP. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were significantly higher in people on antihypertensive treatment, smokers, and alcohol drinkers compared with those who were not on antihypertensive treatment, smokers, and alcohol drinkers, respectively. Likewise, SBP and DBP steadily increased across increasing body mass index categories. MMM18 was the largest BP screening campaign undertaken in Nepal. MMM has highlighted the importance of a periodic public health program at the national level to increase awareness on hypertension detection and control rate, and thus, the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H92-H95
JournalEuropean Heart Journal, Supplement
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Awareness
  • Blood pressure
  • Control
  • Hypertension
  • MMM18
  • Nepal
  • Screening
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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