Managing dementia at home: The role of home environmental modifications

Laura N. Gitlin, Mary A. Corcoran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Environmental modification represents a new treatment approach to enable caregivers to manage daily care and maintain individuals with dementia at home. To advance this approach, a model of disablement is used to describe dementia-related behaviors and identify the potential role and impact of environmental strategies. It is suggested that behaviors at the disability level of the model, wandering and resistance to self-care, can be managed with four types of environmental strategies. These include strategies that modify physical objects, simplify task performance, introduce assistive devices, or involve home alterations. Implications for caregiver well-being and directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-39
Number of pages12
JournalTopics in Geriatric Rehabilitation
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • assistive devices
  • caregiver intervention
  • home care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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