Management of facial paralysis in the 21st century

Jason Y.K. Chan, Patrick J. Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Facial paralysis is a clinical entity associated with significant morbidity, which has a treatment paradigm that is continually evolving. Surgical management of the paralyzed face poses significant challenges to achieve the goal of returning patients to their premorbid states. Here we attempt to review the advances in facial reanimation, in particular with regards to chronic facial paralysis. These include recent developments in static and dynamic rehabilitation including advances like artificial muscles for eyelid reconstruction, dynamic muscle transfer for the eye, and orthodromic temporalis tendon transfer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-357
Number of pages12
JournalFacial Plastic Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011


  • Facial paralysis
  • dynamic
  • management
  • muscle transfer
  • static

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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