Making transformer losses part of the purchasing decision

Stanley Y. Merritt, Stuart D. Chaitkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The theory of transformer losses expressed as no-load loss and load loss is briefly reviewed. Mathematical expressions for per unit loss as a function of load are developed based both on rated and actual load. Present value equations are used to express the cost of losses as a function of transformer characteristics and discount rate. Three methods are presented for expressing the cost of loss in forms which can be used to evaluate bids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Conference Record of Annual Pulp and Paper Industry Technical Conference
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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