Magnetic resonance imaging as a surrogate outcome for multiple sclerosis relapses

J. Petkau, S. C. Reingold, U. Held, G. R. Cutter, T. R. Fleming, M. D. Hughes, D. H. Miller, H. F. McFarland, Jerry S. Wolinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of lesions in the brain may be the last current candidate for a surrogate biological marker of clinical, outcomes in relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), based on its role as an objective indicator of disease pathology. No biological surrogate marker has yet been validated for MS clinical outcomes. Objective: The objective of this study was to use a multi-phased study to determine if a valid surrogate relationship could be demonstrated between counts of contrast enhancing lesions. (CELs) and occurrence of relapses in MS. Methods: We examined correlations for the concurrent and predictive relationship between CELs over 6 months and MS relapses over the same 6 months and an additional 6 months (total: 12 months), using available data on untreated patients from a large clinical trial and natural history database. Result: Concurrent and predictive correlations were inadequate to justify continuation of this study to the planned additional phases required to demonstrate a surrogate relationship between CELs and MS relapses. Conclusions: Confidence intervals for correlations between CELs and MS relapses exclude the possibility that CELs can be a good surrogate for relapses over the time scales we investigated. Further exploration of surrogacy between MRI measures and MS clinical outcomes may require improved datasets, the development of MRI techniques that couple better to clinical disease, and ability to test a wide range of imaging- and clinically-based hypotheses for surrogacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-778
Number of pages9
JournalMultiple Sclerosis
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Correlations
  • Gadolinium enhanced lesions
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Prognosis
  • Surrogacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Magnetic resonance imaging as a surrogate outcome for multiple sclerosis relapses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this