Lysis-centrifugation blood cultures in the detection of tissue-proven invasive candidiasis disseminated versus single-organ infection

Juan Berenguer, Michael Buck, Frank Witebsky, Frida Stock, Philip A. Pizzo, Thomas J. Walsh

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225 Scopus citations


Several studies have demonstrated significantly higher frequency and more rapid detection of candidemia with blood culture methods performed by lysis-centrifugation (LC) in comparison with other techniques. Little is known, however, about the ability of LC blood culture methods to detect tissue-proven invasive candidiasis. We therefore investigated the sensitivity of LC blood cultures in the detection of tissue-proven invasive candidiasis. Between 1985 and 1991, invasive candidiasis was detected in 41 (5.1%) of 803 autopsies at the Clinical Center of the National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, MD, USA). Cases were classified as single-organ (SO) candidiasis (n = 20) and as disseminated candidiasis (DI) (n = 21). Patients with DI were more likely than those with SO to have a hematologic malignancy (71% vs 15%, P < 0.001) and to have gastrointestinal mucosal candidiasis (76% vs 25%, P = 0.003). LC detected fungemia in 16 (43%) of all 37 cases with blood cultures. When analyzed by classification, Candida spp. were isolated from blood in 11 (58%) of 19 patients with DI and in five (28%) of 18 patients with SO (P = 0.13). When analyzed by number of organs infected, blood cultures were positive in seven (78%) of nine patients with >3 organs infected by Candida in comparison to five (28%) of 18 patients with one organ infected (P = 0.024). The mean recovery time for Candida in blood cultures was 2.6 days in DI and 3.2 days in SO (P = 0.017). There was no difference in colonies of organisms per LC tube between patients with DI and those with SO. These findings indicate that LC blood cultures are more likely to detect deeply invasive candidiasis in direct relation to the number of tissue sites infected and that there is a critical need for development of more sensitive methods for detection of invasive candidiasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-109
Number of pages7
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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