Longitudinal study of psychological distress symptoms in HIV-infected, school-aged children

Lori Wiener, Haven Battles, Kristin A. Riekert

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Despite the growing numbers of HIV-infected school-aged children, we know very little about the mental health status of this group. This longitudinal study examined the frequency of psychological distress symptoms in HIV-infected children between the ages of 6 and 11 years at three time points over a period of two and one-half years. Children were assessed using the Dominic, a pictorial instrument that assesses for 7 psychological distress symptoms of childhood. In addition, family and demographic variables were collected at Time 1. Children were found to be relatively well-adjusted, with low to moderate incidence of psychological distress. While there were no significant changes in frequency of psychological distress symptoms from Time 1 to Time 3, the prevalence of overanxious and depressive symptomatology increased over time. Implications for clinical practice and future research will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-36
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Adjustment
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • HIV-infected children
  • Psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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