Long-term multimodal imaging of tumor draining sentinel lymph nodes using mesoporous silica-based nanoprobes

Xinglu Huang, Fan Zhang, Seulki Lee, Magdalena Swierczewska, Dale O. Kiesewetter, Lixin Lang, Guofeng Zhang, Lei Zhu, Haokao Gao, Hak Soo Choi, Gang Niu, Xiaoyuan Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations


The imaging of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs), the first defense against primary tumor metastasis, has been considered as an important strategy for noninvasive tracking tumor metastasis in clinics. In this study, we report the development and application of mesoporous silica-based triple-modal nanoprobes that integrate multiple functional moieties to facilitate near-infrared optical, magnetic resonance (MR) and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. After embedding near-infrared dye ZW800, the nanoprobe was labeled with T 1 contrast agent Gd 3+ and radionuclide 64Cu through chelating reactions. High stability and long intracellular retention time of the nanoprobes was confirmed by in vitro characterization, which facilitate long-term in vivo imaging. Longitudinal multimodal imaging was subsequently achieved to visualize tumor draining SLNs up to 3 weeks in a 4T1 tumor metastatic model. Obvious differences in uptake rate, amount of particles, and contrast between metastatic and contra-lateral sentinel lymph nodes were observed. These findings provide very helpful guidance for the design of robust multifunctional nanomaterials in SLNs' mapping and tumor metastasis diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4370-4378
Number of pages9
Issue number17
StatePublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Mesoporous silica nanoparticles
  • Multimodality imaging
  • Near-infrared fluorescence imaging
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Tumor metastasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials


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