Long-Term Efficacy of Catheter Ablation of Ventricular Tachycardia in Patients With Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy

Darshan Dalal, Rahul Jain, Harikrishna Tandri, Jun Dong, Shaker M. Eid, Kalpana Prakasa, Crystal Tichnell, Cynthia James, Theodore Abraham, Stuart D. Russell, Sunil Sinha, Daniel P. Judge, David A. Bluemke, Joseph E. Marine, Hugh Calkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

193 Scopus citations


Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the outcomes of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) patients. Particular focus was placed on defining the single-procedure efficacy over long-term follow-up. Background: ARVD/C is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by VT and right ventricular dysfunction. Prior single-center studies have reported conflicting results concerning the efficacy of RFA of VT in ARVD/C patients. Methods: The study population comprised 24 patients (age 36 ± 9 years, 11 male), enrolled in the Johns Hopkins ARVD registry, who underwent 1 or more RFA procedures for treatment of VT. Patients were followed up for 32 ± 36 months (range 1 day to 12 years). Recurrence was defined as the documentation of VT subsequent to the procedure. Results: A total of 48 RFA procedures were performed using 3-dimensional electroanatomical (n = 10) or conventional (n = 38) mapping. Of these procedures, 22 (46%), 15 (31%), and 11 (23%) resulted in elimination of all inducible VTs, clinical VT but not all, and none of the inducible VTs, respectively. Forty (85%) procedures were followed by recurrence. The cumulative VT recurrence-free survival was 75%, 50%, and 25% after 1.5, 5, and 14 months, respectively. The cumulative VT recurrence-free survival did not differ by procedural success, mapping technique, or repetition of procedures. There was 1 procedure-related death. Conclusions: Our study shows a high rate of recurrence in ARVD/C patients undergoing RFA of VT. This likely reflects the fact that ARVD/C is a diffuse cardiomyopathy with progressively evolving electrical substrate. Further studies are needed to define the precise role of RFA of VT in ARVD/C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-440
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 31 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Long-Term Efficacy of Catheter Ablation of Ventricular Tachycardia in Patients With Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this