Localization of Epstein-Barr virus in Castleman's disease by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry

P. G. Murray, E. Deacon, L. S. Young, J. M. Barletta, R. B. Mann, R. F. Ambinder, D. C. Rowlands, E. L. Jones, A. D. Ramsay, J. Crocker

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24 Scopus citations


Paraffin wax sections of lymph node biopsies from a total of thirteen patients with the morphologic and clinical features of Castleman's disease were analyzed for the presence of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) by in situ hybridization for the noncoding EBV early RNAs (EBERs) and by immunohistochemistry for the EBV-encoded latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1). Of twelve cases of localized Castleman's disease EBER-positive cells were identified in five, and in these cases were only rarely found and were always confined to the interfollicular regions. LMP-1 was not detected in any of these cases, either alone or after dual staining for EBERs and LMP-1. (A similar pattern of EBER expression is seen in nonneoplastic lymphoid tissue from EBV-positive individuals.) No EBER-positive or LMP-1 positive cells were identified in a single case of multicentric Castleman's disease. In two additional patients initially diagnosed with Castleman's disease of localized plasma cell type, repeat biopsy showed Hodgkin's disease. In both cases Reed-Sternberg cells and their variants were identified in the original biopsy on which the diagnosis of Castleman's disease was made. In one of these cases these cells showed expression of EBERs and LMP-1, indicating latent infection with EBV. The results suggest that EBV is not generally associated with Castleman's disease. Further analysis of a series of cases of multicentric Castleman's disease is indicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-26
Number of pages10
JournalHematologic Pathology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Castleman's disease
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Hodgkin's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Hematology


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