Lived Experiences of Fragile X Syndrome Caregivers: A Scoping Review of Qualitative Studies

Karen Kengne Kamga, Jantina De Vries, Seraphin Nguefack, Syntia Nchangwi Munung, Ambroise Wonkam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is the most common x-linked monogenic cause of Intellectual Disability (ID) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Taking care of children with ID is challenging and overwhelming due to the multiple facets of caregiving. This scoping review aimed at summarizing the qualitative literature on the experiences of families living with FXS, identify key themes and determine the gaps in the extant literature. We conducted a literature search in May 2019 using four databases; PubMed, Web of Science, African-Wide-Information, and Scopus. The keywords used in our search strategy were associated with caregivers, lived experiences, FXS, and qualitative research. All English language articles with full-text reporting were included. Studies associated with other neurodevelopmental conditions and quantitative studies were excluded. We identified 12 out of 203 articles that described the lived experiences of families with FXS. Most articles originated from the United States of America and mothers were the main caregivers. We summarized our findings into four major themes which are; grief experiences, challenges of living with FXS, coping mechanisms and the need to plan for future outcomes. This scoping review highlights the scarcity of qualitative FXS literature in the African population and frustrations endured by families with FXS due to the low knowledge of FXS by healthcare workers. More research is needed to evaluate the impact of living with FXS in males and fathers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number128
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
StatePublished - Feb 27 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • care givers
  • fragile X syndrome
  • lived experience
  • qualitative research
  • scoping review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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