In the canine saphenous vein, inhibitors of cyclo-oxygenase augment contractile responses to acetylcholine. potassium chloride and partial α-adrenergie activation. This augmentation is prevented by inhibitors of lipoxygenase, and abolished by calcium entry blockers. These observations suggest that when Ca2+ enters the smooth muscle cells it activates the metabolism of arachidonic acid. If cyclo-oxygenase is inhibited, endproducts of lipoxygenase exert a positive feedback on calcium entry. A similar mechanism may explain the hypoxic contractions observed in various blood vessels, including coronary arteries.
- Calcium entry
- Vascular smooth muscle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine