Lipid peroxidation in cardiac surgery: Towards consensus on biomonitoring, diagnostic tools and therapeutic implementation

Rosalba Romano, Simona M. Cristescu, Terence H Risby, Nandor Marczin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This review focuses on oxidative stress and more specifically lipid peroxidation in cardiac surgery, one of the fundamental theories of perioperative complications. We present the molecular pathways leading to lipid peroxidation and integrate analytical methods that allow detection of lipid peroxidation markers in the fluid phase with those focusing on volatile compounds in exhaled breath. In order to explore the accumulated data in the literature, we present a systematic review of quantitative analysis of malondialdehyde, a widely used lipid peroxidation product at various stages of cardiac surgery. This exploration reveals major limitations of existing studies in terms of variability of reported values and significant gaps due to discrete and variable sampling times during surgery. We also appraise methodologies that allow real-time and continuous monitoring of oxidative stress. Complimentary techniques highlight that beyond the widely acclaimed contribution of the cardiopulmonary bypass technology and myocardial reperfusion injury, the use of diathermy contributes significantly to intraoperative lipid peroxidation. We conclude that there is an urgent need to implement the theory of oxidative stress towards a paradigm change in the clinical practice. Firstly, we need to acquire definite and irrefutable information on the link between lipid peroxidation and post-operative complications by building international consensus on best analytical approaches towards generating qualitatively and quantitatively comparable datasets in coordinated multicentre studies. Secondly, we should move away from routine low-risk surgeries towards higher risk interventions where there is major unmet clinical need for improving patient journey and outcomes. There is also need for consensus on best therapeutic interventions which could be tested in convincing large scale clinical trials. As future directions, we propose combination of fluid phase platforms and 'metabography', an extended form of capnography - including real-time analysis of lipid peroxidation and volatile footprints of metabolism - for better patient phenotyping prior to and during high risk surgery towards molecular prediction, stratification and monitoring of the patient's journey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number027109
JournalJournal of Breath Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • cardiac surgery
  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • diathermy
  • exhaled breath
  • lipid peroxidation
  • myocardial reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Lipid peroxidation in cardiac surgery: Towards consensus on biomonitoring, diagnostic tools and therapeutic implementation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this