Lip Reconstruction

Lisa E. Ishii, Patrick J. Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The upper and lower lips are prominent facial features of significant importance for esthetic and functional reasons. Both lips, but especially the lower lip, are at risk for cutaneous malignancy because of their prominent location. Treatment of such malignancies creates a spectrum of defects that must be meticulously addressed by the reconstructive surgeon. These defects can be classified as small, medium, and large, and the optimal reconstructive method is typically based on this distinction. Depending on the size of the defect and the patient characteristics, reconstructive options include primary closure, local tissue transfer, and free tissue transfer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-453
Number of pages9
JournalFacial plastic surgery clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2009


  • Cutaneous malignancy
  • Lip
  • Local flap
  • Microvascular flap
  • Reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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