Linkage of two pseudogenes from Vκ1 and Vκ9 murine immunoglobulin families

Ann M. Lawler, Asad Umar, Patricia J. Gearhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


As an initial step towards the molecular analysis of the murine Vκ locus, a cosmid library from BALB/cJ mouse liver DNA was screened with probes representing 10 Vκ families. Of eight cosmids that were isolated from the initial screen, five contained a single restriction fragment that hybridized to the probes. Two cosmids contained two fragments that hybridized to the same probe, Vκ4, indicating that some Vκ4 gene segments are linked. One cosmid had two genes that belonged to different families, Vκ1 and Vκ9. The two gene segments were located within 12 kb of each other and lay in the same transcriptional orientation. Linkage of gene segments from the Vκ1 and Vκ9 families is consistent with a genetic map of the locus, and provides physical evidence for the first time that two genes from different families are closely linked in the murine κ locus. Sequence analysis revealed that both genes are pseudogenes: the VκΨ 1.7 gene segment has eight mutations, including termination codons, insertions, and deletions, and the VκΨ 9B.8 gene segment has two mutations of an insertion and altered RNA splice site. Both genes have the potential to rearrange based on the sequence of their heptamer-nonamer motifs. The identification of pseudogenes raises the question of how many nonfunctional genes are present in the murine germline repertoire.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-301
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Immunology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology


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