Life-style and genital human papillomavirus in a cross-sectional survey in Shanxi Province, China

Lily Zou, Yan Ping Bao, Ni Li, Min Dai, Cong Ping Ma, Yong Zhen Zhang, Xin Fu Liu, Manning Feinleib, You Lin Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: To determine the age-stratified HPV prevalence rate and the risk factors of life-style associated with HPV infection among women in rural China. Methods: An age-stratified, cross-sectional survey of 941 women between 16-59 years old was conducted in rural China. Carcinogenic HPV infection was determined using Digene's Hybrid Capture II HPV DNA test and interviews of life-style were conducted. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) from the logistic regression models were used to determine the risk factors associated with HPV. Results: Among 941 women, 745 who had sexual intercourse underwent a cervical examination. The prevalence rate of 13 carcinogenic HPV infections among women 20-59 years old was 15.97%. the rate of HPV prevalence in the 25-34 age group was statistically lower than that in 20-24 and 35-59 age groups (X2=13.3, P=0.0013). The OR of bathing every 7-19 days, 20-180 days, less than once every 180 days vs. bathing at least once a week were 1.19, 1.83 and 2.29 respectively and they had a dose-response relationship (Trend Test: P=0.003). The OR of women aged 25-34 age group vs. 20-24 age group was 0.40 (0.16 - 0.97) and the OR of bathing once every 180 days or less vs. at least once weekly was 2.22 (1.14 - 4.33) adjusted for the other confounding factors,. Conclusions: The HPV prevalence rate was lowest among child bearing women aged 25-34 year. Also, personal hygiene is significantly associated with the HPV infection in this area, regardless of age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)781-786
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2011


  • Age-stratified
  • Bathing
  • China
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Prevalence rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology


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