Legislator voting and behavioral science theory: A systematic review

Gregory J. Tung, Jon S. Vernick, Erin V. Reiney, Andrea C. Gielen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objectives: To examine the application of behavioral science theories to explain the voting behavior of legislators for public health policies. Methods: We conducted a systematic review to identify studies that examined factors associated with legislator support, intention to vote, or actual votes on public health policies, emphasizing those grounded in behavior science theory. Results: Twenty-one papers met our inclusion criteria, and 6 were explicitly grounded in a behavioral science theory. Conclusions: Behavioral science theories, and the theory of planned behavior in particular, provide a framework for understanding legislator voting behavior and can be used by advocates to advance pro-health policies. Copyright (c) PNG Publications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)823-833
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2012


  • Behavior
  • Behavioral science theory
  • Legislator
  • Policy
  • Voting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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