Introduction: Gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tubes are an option for durable enteral access for critically ill infants with congenital cardiac disease who struggle with obtaining adequate nutrition. Materials and Methods: Infants weighing less than 10 kg with cardiac disease who received placement of a laparoscopic GJ tube from November 2011 to January 2015 were reviewed. The operative technique used an umbilical port for the camera and a single stab incision for the gastric access site. After insufflation to 5-8 mm Hg, the stomach was suspended to the abdominal wall, after which a dilator was maneuvered into a postpyloric position using laparoscopic visualization and fluoroscopy, and a glidewire was passed into the duodenum. The GJ tube was then fluoroscopically threaded over the glidewire; final position was confirmed by contrast injection. Results: There were 32 laparoscopic GJ tube placement operations performed; 7 (21.9%) of these tubes were standard single-unit GJ tubes, and 25 (78.1%) were low-profile gastrostomy tubes modified with a nasojejunal feeding tube threaded through the feeding port. Median patient age was 3.5 months (range, 0.75-11 months), with a median weight of 4.2 kg (range, 2.4-7.4 kg). Congenital defects were varied, including hypoplastic left heart syndrome and pulmonary vein stenosis. Median operative time was 62 minutes for isolated GJ placement (range, 35-114 minutes). There were three postoperative complications, resulting in a 30-day complication rate of 9.4%. Thirty-day mortality was 9.4% with no mortality related to the operation. Conclusions: Laparoscopic GJ tube placement may be performed safely in infants with cardiac disease and allows these patients to receive adequate nutrition despite intolerance of gastric feeding.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2015|
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